According to Oxford dictionary, Kampung (which means village in Malay Language) refers to an area of houses and streets, which is usually smaller than a town. In Malaysia, ‘kampung’ refers to a native village inhabited by a group of people settling in rural area. Villages in Malaysia are relatively small and usually consist of about 5 to 30 families only. Homes are scattered nearby while it is surrounded by farms. Traditional fishing villages are located neighboring fishing grounds.
Kampung in Malaysia tend to have a population of 10,000 or fewer people. It is common to have a penghulu (village chief) in every kampung in-charge of civil matters in his village. Malay village comprises mosque or surau (Muslim chapels) for the people’s convenience. You may also noticed a cemetery adjacent to the mosque as the Malays strongly believed that the deceased can receive Allah’s blessings in the afterlife should the cemetery located nearby the holy grounds.
You can find several types of Malay houses in Malaysia’s kampung – Rumah Limas, Rumah Melaka, Rumah Minangkabau, Rumah Kutai and Rumah Bumbung Panjang Selangor. Kampung aka village is not only restricted to Malaysia only as countries around the world also have their own urban village.
In India, the villages come together with worship grounds either temple; mosque or church (depends on local religious following). Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi once said, “The soul of India lives in its villages.”
Meanwhile, village in China plays an important role as an elementary entity for the rural population. China’s villages are well-known as densely populated unit with more than 500 million people in all the villages around the country.
Neighbouring countries such as Philippines and Vietnam have their own versions of village. In Philippines, village refers to private subdivisions such as gated communities. It was once specifically for elite urban residents’ only but rapid development within the country has changed the trend in which gated communities can be found throughout the nation especially in Metro Manila and other developed cities amongst middle-income citizens.
On the other hand, Vietnam’s village is called “lang”. Villages in the country consist of bamboo hedges, communal houses, rice field and temple. Normally, inhabitants in particular village have blood relationship. The community tends to grow rice and produce handicrafts to earn a living. According to Vietnamese culture, it is best to be buried in their village when they die.
In Central and Eastern Europe such as Russia, a number of populations are concentrated in villages. Locals refer the rural localities as selo or derevnya. Usually, the villages have less than 200 people and most of them are involved in agricultural work. Hence, villagers tend to produce own food to support the families.
Meanwhile in Britain, village refers to settlement of houses which is particularly smaller than a town. Villagers earn a living through agriculture, mining or fishing. A traditional village in the country does not have a town hall. Unlike town or cities in the country, village is often perceived as a quiet and harmonious entity free from bustle of modern life.